Stent Breakthroughs and the Invention of Genetic Sequencing
41. Leroy Hood (1938-)
The U.S. biologist Leroy Hood created the automated DNA sequencer and went on to found the Institute for Systems Biology. He has also developed an automated tool for synthesizing DNA. His work on DNA sequencing in the 1980s helped make possible the Human Genome Project.
42. Alim-Louis Benabid(1942-)
The physicist and doctor Benabid helped develop deep-brain electrical stimulation for Parkinson's and other similar movement disorders. He has also helped pioneer the application of neuroscience applications of nanotechnologies.
43. James J. Wynne (1943-)
In the early 1980s, U.S. physicist Wynne learned that excimer laser light could be used to selectively ablate tissue without harming the tissue underneath. That discovery would ultimately lead to a range of medical applications of excimer lasers including LASIK.
44. Josef Bille (1944-)
Josef Bille also helped pioneer the field of laser-eye correction. A professor at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, Bille won the European Inventor Award 2012 in the category Lifetime achievement from the European Patent Office. Technology he has helped develop has been used to correct the vision of millions of patients across the globe. He has co-founded five start-ups.
45. Julio Palmaz (1945-)
Argentine-born cardiologist Palmaz invented the balloon-expandable stent and earned a patent for the invention, which he filed in 1985. His invention, which he codeveloped with Richard Schatz, MD, would later save the lives of countless heart disease patients and be included in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.