1980: FDA publishes procedures for investigational device exemptions (IDEs).
1982: The Jarvik-7, the first permanent artificial heart, is implanted into patient Barney Clark, who lives for 112 days.
1983: President Ronald Reagan signs into law the Social Security Amendments, establishing a new method of paying hospitals for Medicare inpatient services based on diagnoses as opposed to the cost of treatment.
|1983: Kary B. Mullis develops the polymerase chain reaction, allowing DNA sequences to be multiplied billions of times within hours.|
1985: FDA approves the first cochlear implant, the Nucleus Mini22.
1986: Kshitij Mohan’s “Mohan Memo” formed the basis of legislation related to FDA’s 510(k) premarket notification program.
1988: The Food and Drug Administration Act of 1988 establishes FDA as an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services. It also specifies that the president will appoint the commissioner of food and drugs.
|Back to Beginning||1990s|
[images courtesy of JARVIK HEART INC., SCIENCE MUSEUM LONDON, SCIENCE AND SOCIETY PICTURE LIBRARY/WIKIMEDIA COMMONS, MD+DI ARCHIVES]